(A question on the interpretation of Special Provision SP A123 pertaining to ordinary batteries.)

Q.
Special Provision SP A123 pertaining to Batteries, dry states: "Any electrical battery or battery powered device, equipment or vehicle having the potential of a dangerous evolution of heat must be prepared for transport so as to prevent a short circuit. In the case of equipment, by disconnection of the battery and protection of exposed terminals."

For example, take a loudspeaker for which SP A123 will apply.

A 9V alkali battery is equipped. When applying SP A123, in order to protect the exposed terminals it is necessary to remove the battery from the loudspeakers. However removal of the battery will affect the quality of the loudspeaker. Therefore we leave the battery installed and protect against accidental activation. I wonder whether this will satisfy the requirements of SP A123.

There is also a device containing lithium ion battery. PI 966 Section II does not have any stipulation of removing the battery and specifically protect the exposed terminals.

Is there any way where we can leave the batteries installed in the loudspeaker? (30 Nov 16)

A.
SP A123 (a) stipulates to protect against short circuit. In the case of batteries to apply an effective insulation of exposed terminals. For devices and equipment, to disconnect the battery and protect the exposed terminals. In (b), it stipulates to protect against accidental activation.

Since loudspeakers are devices therefore (a) applies which must be followed. The battery must be disconnected. As with new loudspeakers you will be installing a battery to activate. I fail to understand why would uninstalling a battery affect the quality of the device.

As for the lithium ion batteries, since they are installed in the device, PI 967 Section II would apply instead of PI 966. The General Requirement (b), (c), (d) and (e) of PI 967 Section II would apply. It does not say to disconnect the battery but according to (b), it must be protected against short circuit. (c) and (e) stipulate to protect against accidental activation. At any rate, it is not possible to transport without disconnecting the battery. And for lithium ion batteries, it is needed to follow PI 967 Section II to forward by air.


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